ALIN GABOR, TIBERIU HOSSZU, CRISTIAN ZAHARIA, ALEXANDRU KOZMA, ANDREEA CODRUTA COJOCARIU, MEDA LAVINIA NEGRUTIU, CAMELIA SZUHANEK, COSMIN SINESCU 3D PRINTING OF A MANDIBULAR BONE DEFFECT The aim of this study was to achieve a polymeric scaffold, ex-vivo, using 3D printing technology and then subjecting it to various tests to check its optimal property. Initially there was selected a lower jaw with a bone defect that would have prevented any treatment based prosthetic implant. The mandible was first scanned using an optical scanner (MAESTRO DENTAL SCANNER MDS400). The scanning parameters using optical scanning system are: 10 micron accuracy, resolution 0.07 mm, 2 rooms with High-Resolution LED structured light, two axes. The scan time of the mandible was 4-5 min. Later the same mandible was scanned using CBCT’s CRANEX 3DX. The images obtained using CBCT’s were correlated with those obtained by optical scanning. Further on, there was achieved the digital design of the future scaffold with the conventional technique of wax addition directly on the mandibular bone defect. After that, this was again scanned using scanning system MAESTRO DENTAL SCANNER MDS400, and using CBCT’s CRANEX 3DX. The images obtained were correlated with all the scanned images of original mandible bone defects. There were made two polymeric scaffolds using 3D printing system an (D20 Digital Wax System 3D Printer). After printing, scaffold sites were introduced for 30 minutes in an oven curing. Later the pieces obtained were processed to remove small excesses of work. There were obtained 3 blocks of polymers that have a good adaptation to the bone profile. Often, in oral implantology and maxillofacial surgery appear bone defects. They prevent an optimal treatment of bio-functional and aesthetic restoration. Using 3D printing technology one can achieve scaffold sites of different biocompatible materials that have optimal properties to replace bone defect and restore the defective area. These scaffold sites have an intimate adaptation to the defect. 3D printing techniques used to restore bone defects can quickly and efficiently give the possibility to have a successful implantology prosthetics treatment.
Keywords: polymeric scaffold, 3D printing technology , prosthetic implant, bone defects